Rulings For The Main Umrah Rites

Performing umrah is sunna and it is specifically recommended within the month of Ramadan. The Prophet ﷺ said that an umrah performed during Ramadan is like performing hajj with him ﷺ .

It is prohibitively disliked (makruh tahriman) to perform umrah during five days of the year: the day of Arafat, Eid al-Adha, and the three days that follow. These days are the 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th, and 13th of Dhu’l Hijjah.

Main Umrah Rites

The umrah consists of four main rites:

  1. Entering into a state of iḥrām (pilgrim sanctity).
  2. Performing the umrah ṭawāf.
  3. Performing the sa’y.
  4. Shaving (men only) or trimming the hair.

Each rite possesses a specific Sacred Law ruling, which was mentioned in Lesson 2. The details of how to perform each rite are discussed in the forthcoming lessons inshaAllah.

Below is a brief summary of Lesson 2. Please listen to this lesson before reading the summary in order to avoid any confusion inshaAllah.

Obligatory (Fard) Umrah Rites

The obligatory rites of the umrah are:

  1. Entering into a state of iḥrām for umrah.
  2. Performing the umrah ṭawāf.

Iḥrām

Entering into a state of iḥrām for umrah consists of making the intention to perform umrah and chanting the talbiya aloud before passing one’s respective designated boundary (miqāt).

  • It is a condition to enter into a state of iḥrām (pilgrim sanctity) in order for the other three umrah rites to count. In other words, it is obligatory to enter into a state of iḥrām and the umrah will be invalid without it.
  • Once one enters into a state of iḥrām, one cannot release oneself from it without first completing the remaining rites.
  • One must enter into a new state of iḥrām for each umrah that one performs.

Lesson 3a/3b discusses the iḥrām.

Umrah Ṭawāf

The umrah ṭawāf consists of circumambulating the Ka’ba for a total of seven rounds.

  • It is obligatory to perform the umrah ṭawāf in order for the umrah to be valid.
  • One will remain in a state of iḥrām until one completes the obligatory acts of the umrah ṭawāf.

Lesson 4b discusses the umrah ṭawāf.

Mandatory (Wājib) Umrah Rites

The mandatory rites of the umrah are:

  1. Performing the sa’y.
  2. Shaving or trimming the hair.

The Sa’y

The sa’y entails walking between the hillocks of Safa and Marwa for a total of seven circuits.

  • Performing the sa’y is mandatory (wājib).
  • If it is omitted, the umrah will be valid but one will owe a penalty of slaughtering a sheep. If it is omitted without an excuse, one is also sinful.

Lesson 5a discusses the sa’y.

Shaving or Trimming the Hair

Shaving the head (men only) or trimming the hair is mandatory (wājib). It must be done in order to be released from the state of iḥrām.

  • Shaving/trimming can only be done AFTER performing the umrah ṭawāf and the sa’y.
  • Until one’s hair is shaved/trimmed, one will remain within a state of iḥrām.
  • A penalty is due for any iḥrām violation committed – even if occurs after the performance of the umrah ṭawāf and the sa’y – until the required amount of one’s hair is shaved/trimmed.

Lesson 5b discusses the shaving and trimming of the hair.

Lesson 6 briefly combines all of the knowledge learned within the lessons through a step-by-step guide for the umrah.